Key Differences Between Urban and Rural. Within each district, local headmen serve as liaisons between the people and the district administration. Yes The implementing agency for urban transport & drainage sector is the Urban Development & Housing Department, water and … But the traditional houses, as referred by Capt. Until the early 1970s, Sikkim had only cottage industries—producing handwoven textiles, carpets, and blankets—as well as traditional handicrafts, such as embroidery, scroll paintings, and wood carving. The soil is coarse, with large concentrations of iron oxide; it ranges from neutral to acidic and is lacking in organic and mineral nutrients. Yak herders of Lachen and Lachung in North Sikkim and scientists working on the yak species observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. The state’s name is derived from the Limbu words su him, meaning “new house.” The Lepcha were early inhabitants of the region, apparently assimilating the Naong, Chang, Mon, and other tribes. , Noodle-based dishes such as thukpa, chow mein, thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are common in Sikkim.  Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. The Indian Army has control over a large part of the state, as Sikkim forms part of a sensitive border area with China.  In 2011, the average per capita income in Sikkim stood at ₹ 81,159 (US$1,305).. The Government of Sikkim has already established free e-learning Computer Centre for its citizens to prepare them to embrace plethora of IT and ICT interventions that Smart Cities Mission will be launching in the days to come, says Navin Rai, Joint Chief Town Planner, Nodal Officer- Smart Cities Mission, Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Sikkim, in conversation with … Thereafter, a referendum was held in which 97.5 per cent of voters supported abolishing the monarchy, effectively approving union with India.  In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. Posted on 23rd Dec, 2020 by Owner. teeming with biodiversity, housing nearly half of the nation's bird diversity, wild trees, orchid and Rhododendron wealth, one third of the country's flowering plants, no wonder as many as 165 plants have been named after Sikkim. valley represents de-glaciated area, now housing a wide range of alpine flowers and meadow Sebu stream draining out from seasonal snow in the month of May, 2008, North Sikkim .  The state's economy is largely agrarian based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, tea, and cardamom. The springs, which have a high sulphur content, are located near river banks; some are known to emit hydrogen. Invest Sikkim. Sikkim Housing and Development Board appointed under section 6; [(16a) "State Government" means the Government of Sikkim.]  Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. Rural Housing Schemes in India 2020. Sikkim's geographical and environmental conditions are conducive for development of floriculture at a higher altitude.  More than 60 people died in Sikkim alone, and the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage..  In 2003, Sikkim decided to fully convert to organic farming and achieved this goal in 2015 becoming India's first "organic state". It was ruled by Buddhist priest-kings known as the Chogyal. Art & Culture; Festivals in Sikkim; How to reach Sikkim; Statistics . The main service providers include Dish TV, Doordarshan and Nayuma. These produce, most notably, processed foods (including liquor), watches and watch jewels, and small electronics parts.  In north-western Sikkim, the peaks are frozen year-round; because of the high altitude, temperatures in the mountains can drop to as low as −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter. The Namgyal dynasty ruled Sikkim until 1975. Updates? Fax No : 03592-205087 . Sikkim’s economy is based predominantly on agriculture, with the sector engaging more than half of the working population. In 1950 the Indo-Sikkimese Treaty made Sikkim an Indian protectorate, with India assuming responsibility for the external relations, defense, and strategic communications of Sikkim. Area 2,740 square miles (7,096 square km). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Many areas are restricted to foreigners, and official permits are needed to visit them. There is little lowland, and the variation in relief is extreme. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Privately run bus, tourist taxi, and jeep services operate throughout Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri.
Sikkim, one of the smallest state of the country with a total geographical of areas of 7096 km also harbors some such sacred areas with religious and/or historical background. There area sacred groves reported in all part of the state. All the sacred groves are attached to the local monasteries (Gumpas), dedicated to the deities and managed by the Gumpa authority or Lamas, or often (2011) 607,688. • Hill tribes usually build houses on top of hills with the house of the tribal chief at the center.  There are a total of 1,157 schools in the state, including 765 schools run by the state government, seven central government schools and 385 private schools. Agriculture in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the territory. The Lower Himalayas, lying in the southern reaches of the state, are the most densely populated. Bamboo is primarily used as load distributors rather than as a main load bearing element and . Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? Gurudongmar Lake in the eastern Himalayas, extreme northern Sikkim, northern India. However, ties between Sikkim and the British weakened when the latter began taxation of the Morang region. The Savara always live in exclusive settlement of their own. Panchayats (village councils) administer the villages and implement welfare programs. The topography and the climatic condition of Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. , Western rock music and Indian pop have gained a wide following in Sikkim. With around 98,000 inhabitants as of 2011, the capital Gangtok is the most significant urban area in the mostly rural state; in 2005, the urban population in Sikkim constituted around 11.06 per cent of the total. He was not only mentioning the housing pattern alone but also the materials used for constructing that type of houses. Sikkim exhibits a variety of climatic types, from almost tropical conditions in the south to severe mountain climates in the north. The most important festival of the year is the two-day Phanglhapsol festival in August or September, in which masked dancers perform in honour of Kanchenjunga, the presiding deity. , Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. According to the Constitution of India, Sikkim has a parliamentary system of representative democracy for its governance; universal suffrage is granted to state residents. Sikkim lacks significant railway infrastructure. Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic between 2003 and 2016, and became the first state in India to achieve this distinction. Exactly 60km from siliguri for better convenience. Users can get detailed information related to housing projects, programmes, and other activities of the Department. , The rock consists of phyllites and schists, and is highly susceptible to weathering and erosion. 2. The Kanchenjunga National Park (established in 1977), near the peak from which it draws its name, is among the largest of India’s high-elevation conservation areas. Higher up are Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows and high-altitude wetlands, which are home to a wide variety of rhododendrons and wildflowers.  On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union, and the monarchy was abolished. Among all the major sectors, the construction sector has registered the highest growth in job creation. Alpine tundra replaces forest at the higher elevations. In the last of these elections, two rival parties merged to form the Sikkim Congress, which swept the polls. , In recent years, the government of Sikkim has extensively promoted tourism. pattern of housing. The Chogyal Palden Thondup Namgyal asked India for help in quelling the movement, which was offered in the form of a small military police force and an Indian Dewan. The climate pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with average state rainfall 254 centimetres (100 in) per annum. Among the state's most notable hot springs are those at Phurchachu, Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong. The construction work assigned to the Buildings & Housing Department, Government of Sikkim has already commenced. Sikkim: State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) for FY 2015-16 4 7.  The Gangtok helipad is the only civilian helipad in the state. Constitution of the Board. Sikkim is also close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.  However, the New Sikkim Railway Project has been launched to connect the town of Rangpo in Sikkim with Sevoke on the West Bengal border. Momos – steamed dumplings filled with vegetables, beef or pork and served with soup – are a popular snack. Irrigation, hydel power and adventure tourism depend … The constitution of Sikkim provides for a governor—appointed by the president of India—as the head of state. Author of. Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. Internet cafés are well established in the district capitals, but broadband connectivity is not widely available.  It has been constructed by the Airports Authority of India on 200 acres of land. Dwellings on the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim, India. Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia By James Minahan, 2012, indiatoday.in/amp/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/mini-sikkim-in-making-308081-2016-02-10, Kanchenjunga and Sikkim Press: How Media Started Its Practice in Sikkim, the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, third-smallest GDP among India's 28 states, List of institutions of higher education in Sikkim, National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, "2011 Census reference tables – total population", "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Sikkim claims India's first mixed-criteria UNESCO World Heritage Site", "Why is Sikkim's merger with India being questioned by China? 2.  English is also spoken and understood in most of Sikkim.  The state is furthermore connected to Tibet by the mountain pass of Nathu La.  The traditional religion of the Lepcha people is Mun, an animist practice which coexists with Buddhism and Christianity.. The state government has already completed the construction of about 80,000 homes in the financial year 2015-16 under the 2BHK housing scheme. There are a few large hydroelectric stations and many smaller plants that provide energy to Gangtok, Rangpo, Singtam, and Mangan. , Each of Sikkim's districts is overseen by a state government appointee, the district collector, who is in charge of the administration of the civilian areas of the district. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. Lower courts include district courts, which handle both criminal and civil cases, and sessions courts, which generally handle civil cases; judicial magistrates rule on criminal offenses. As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim is the largest Christian denomination in Sikkim. The state government has promoted biogas and solar power for cooking, but these have received a poor response and are used mostly for lighting purposes. Cattle and buffalo are limited mainly to the subtropical humid belt, while yaks and sheep are herded in the higher elevations in the north. Land enough to carry on projects such as schools or home stay and many more as per your requirement. , The origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means "new", and khyim, which means "palace" or "house". Urban Transport. Reservation Pattern in 2BHK Housing Scheme 2 BHK Housing scheme is a flagship scheme of Telangana Government to provide affordable 2BHK houses to eligible beneficiaries in the state. Diarrheal diseases (including cholera), respiratory infections of various sorts, hepatitis, and family-planning issues remain among Sikkim’s principal health concerns.  The public and visual aesthetics of Sikkim are executed in shades of Vajrayana Buddhism and Buddhism plays a significant role in public life, even among Sikkim's majority Nepali Hindu population. Following Indian independence, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the Union of India after 1947, and the Republic of India after 1950.
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