yazoo city black history

Yazoo City, Mississippi downtown tour.Yazoo City is a U.S. city in Yazoo County, Mississippi. Located on the edge of the Mississippi Delta, Yazoo County was established in 1832. Prior to the county’s formal establishment, Yazoo conducted its first census in 1830 and found a population of 6,550, 37 percent of them slaves. Vision: Yazoo City is an epicenter of economic growth driven by high quality education and progressive, sustainable community living. Most occurred around the turn of the 20th century, as part of white imposition of Jim Crow conditions and suppression of black voting. Henry Herschel Brickell Memorial Yazoo Literary Walkway, Yazoo County African-American Heritage Tour. Yazoo City, city, seat (1848) of Yazoo county, west-central Mississippi, U.S.It lies along the Yazoo River, 47 miles (76 km) northwest of Jackson.Founded as a planned community in 1826, it was later called Manchester; it was renamed for the Yazoo Indians in 1839. The census of 1890 gave Yazoo City 3,286 people; by 1900 it had 4,744; by 1910, 7,786. From 1909 to 1919, a city-owned street car system operated on the principal streets – only the second one in the United States as most systems were run by private companies. In 1823, the Mississippi legislature created Yazoo County, several times larger than it is today before other counties to the north were carved out of it. Jerry Simmons Burton, 78, of Bentonia passed away Tuesday January 12, 2021 at ST Dominic Jackson Memorial Hospital. Failing and forgotten: Black students languish as a Mississippi town reckons with its painful past. In 1848, because of its size and the convenience of more central location in Yazoo County, the Mississippi legislature transferred the county seat to Yazoo City. Its county seat is Yazoo City, and other towns include Bentonia, Eden, and Satartia. Any books, fiction/nonfiction set in Yazoo City, Mississippi or about Yazoo City or Yazoo County Score A book’s total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book. Yazoo County was a battlefield in 1863 and 1864 during the American Civil War. In 1946 Cooper, representing the Farm Bureau, convinced the Mississippi Legislature to establish the Mississippi Commission on Hospital Care and to match federal Hill-Burto… Yazoo Art Calendars 2000 , 2004 and part of 2005. By 1834 all lots had been sold and building was under way along every street: a bank, two hotels, businesses, homes. When the U.S. Secretary of War requested a 1,000-man regiment of volunteers from Mississippi, Yazoo City and County boys, under Captain John Sharp of Benton, then the county seat, formed the 100-man Yazoo Rifles Company. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. A history of the Jewish community of Yazoo City, MS. Henry Clay Lewis Henry Clay Lewis was born June 26, 1825, in Charleston, South Carolina as the seventh child of David and Rachel Salomon Lewis, French and Italian Jews. ... Race relations in Yazoo City, Mississippi: A brief history. May 6, 2014 - Explore Bridget Dillard's board "Yazoo" on Pinterest. Marjorie C. Watson, 85, of Yazoo City passed away Monday January 4, 2020 at The Martha Coker Green House Homes. He could see that it was the only sport on the entire length of the continuous Coldwater-Tallahatchie-Yazoo River system, that snaked southward throughout the Delta, where the Yazoo abruptly made a hairpin curve eastward to touch the foot of the bluffs that border the Delta from present-day Memphis down to Vicksburg. Only the last time was there some wanton destruction, and the beautiful courthouse burned. We use cookies to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic. Yazoo City Authors. Yazoo County History & Heritage Use the links in the menu to the left (below on mobile devices) to explore more of Yazoo County’s history and heritage. Those who have found a free ancestor on the 1860 Yazoo County, Mississippi census can check this list to learn if their ancestor was one of the larger slaveholders in the County. Because of its proximity to still swampy areas near the town, Yazoo City’s worst enemy in its early years was yellow fever. Weather history for Yazoo City, Mississippi for January 11, 2021. And surely cotton would soon be widely grown in the new counties of Central Mississippi to the East. A new era begins. See more ideas about yazoo, yazoo city, mississippi. Call us at 800-381-0662 to schedule a tour for your group, or for help with planning your trip to Yazoo. Browse through our listing of African-American history and heritage sites and events below. Already the Yazoo was overflowing its banks as its water could not be forced into the swollen Mississippi. On May 25, 1904, a fire destroyed much of central Yazoo City. A little boy playing with matches under his home set fire to it, only a block from the heart of the business district. Then suddenly Northern victories in Arkansas, West Tennessee and Corinth, Mississippi, Memphis, New Orleans and Baton Rouge, brought the war to their doorstep as the Yankee fleet steamed up river toward Vicksburg. The town continued to grow, with a beautiful new courthouse designed by the same architect who gave Mississippi the Governor’s Mansion in Jackson and the Lyceum at Ole Miss. This time, however, the parts of Yazoo City burned by the great fire were mostly on higher ground and spared. Owens’ mother wanted her to go to the white middle school because she believed it was unfair for schools to be segregated. By wars end the town was all but prostrate, and very difficult period of recovery, under an especially despised carpet-bagger sheriff, lasted for 10 years. But a disastrous levee break just north of Greenville on April 21, then unleashed the Mississippi’s waters to cover county after county as it rushed southward toward Yazoo City and Vicksburg, where it was stopped by their bluffs. The Lintonia suburbs and areas across the railroad to the west, were the sections that suffered this time. Built during the era of Mississippi’s rigid racial segregation, the Afro-American Sons and Daughter’s Hospital (AASDH) in Yazoo City served as the state’s first hospital for African Americans. We also offer sample itineraries and tours that can be scheduled for your group in advance. Yazoo City Tourism: Tripadvisor has 787 reviews of Yazoo City Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Yazoo City resource. There is a tradition that the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians came from the West over the Mississippi river and combining their forces, waged a war of extermination against the Yazoo and other tribes and that the Yazoos fought desperately until the last of their race … A capacity crowd was present to see Diane Delaware’s debut in city … All churches but one were lost. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Yazoo’s population grew […] During the Vicksburg campaign which lasted until July 4, 1863, and especially afterwards, as Vicksburg remained a Northern citadel, the Yazoo River was completely controlled by the Union fleet, and Yazoo City was temporarily occupied and sacked for provisions six times. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. When health care was not accessible to most black residents in Mississippi, the AASDH provided free health care to anyone. In spite of assistance from the Jackson Fire Department, which sped some of it’s equipment up by special train, the fire raged out of control. Yazoo Artists. In 1841, to honor its river, so vital to its economy, Manchester’s citizens voted to change its name to Yazoo City. A chartered steamboat brought potential buyers, docking at the foot of Main Street as a floating hotel; and in the first two days most of the choicest downtown real estate had been sold. But after the 1870’s Yazoo City was back on its feet; cotton production in the area (before the boll weevil!) In a contest among 17,000 volunteers in Vicksburg in June, the Yazoo Rifles were selected as Company A of the regiment to be led by Colonel Jefferson Davis, future president of the Confederacy. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. The Yazoo Arts Association -Council. Its streets were given names they still have today, and the entire town was subdivided into numbered lots, all before a single soul lived there. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 2019 December Newsletter 2019 November Newsletter 2019 October Newsletter 2019 September Newsletter 2019 August Newsletter 2019 July Newsletter 2019 June Newsletter 2019 May Newsletter 2019 April Newsletter 2019 March Newsletter 2019 February Newsletter 2019 January Newsletter Dozens of her young men were away fighting in far off Virginia, and most expected a short war and for things to stay that way. The city hosted a symposium to educate the community about the history of the Clinton Riot and unveiled two new historical markers related to this event. Only the courthouse built in 1872, the new library and the unfinished school beside it, were spared, as there were open ground area around them for protection. Click Here to visit the Yazoo County Board of Supervisors Official Website. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The town was quickly rebuilt on precisely the same sites, and the handsome, homogeneous new brick stores from 1905-1906 lining Main Street today are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. By some it was thought that the name of Yazoo was given because of the sickly nature of the country along the river, but this was a mistake. Electricity was introduced in 1888, followed by street lights that burned all night unless the moon was shining. Fortunately not a single life was lost, but Yazoo City was in ruins. Eventually, he came to Yazoo City to stay with brother, Joseph, and attend school. Box 600 Yazoo City, MS 39194 In the period from 1877 to 1950, Yazoo County had 18 documented lynchings of African Americans. It would bed a unique and ideal situation for a year-round steamboad port for shipping cotton to New Orleans, even during the times of high water in the rest of the Delta each spring before the levees existed. Stay Connected with our Monthly Newsletter! Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. By 1840 Manchester had over 1,000 residents, white and black, and was shipping 25,000 bales of cotton a year. Streets would not be paved until the 1920’s, but by 1900 there were two private telephone systems (for in-town use only), an ice-plant, a yarn mill and a cotton compress. The greatest catastrophe to hit Yazoo City since the Civil War struck on an unusually windy May 25, 1904. Yazoo County represents the culmination of a myriad of cultures, from vanished Native America civilization to Civil War history, African-American contributions and Delta Blues , to stately Victorian architecture and captivating Southern heritage. 104 North Main Street Yazoo City, MS 39194 P.O. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In 1849 the county seat was moved once again, to Yazoo City where it remains. We also offer sample itineraries and tours that can be scheduled for your group in advance. By the 1820 Treaty of Doak’s Stand, the Choctaw Nation sold their northwestern lands to the United States, and for the first time the large area of Mississippi in which Yazoo City was to be located was opened to settlement by white and black Americans. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Five days after the fire, the Bank's directors voted to rebuild, phoenix-like, in a more favorable location on the corner of Main and Commercial. Among those who comprised the symposium panel was Robert Clark, the first African American elected to the Mississippi House of Representatives since Reconstruction. Top of Page. Call us at 800-381-0662 to schedule a tour for your group, or for help with planning your trip to Yazoo. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. In 1825, by additional terms to the 1820 treaty, a new, young, Choctaw Chief, Greenwood LeFlore, whose mother was Choctaw and father was French, was granted one square mile of land for himself, the exact site of Yazoo City today, even though it was now in the newly-bought American territory. Number of Black Or African American occupied homes in Yazoo City ; Total: 3,115; Family led homes: 2,192; Husband-wife family: 621; Other family: 1,571; Population of male led with no wife present: 210; Population female led with no husband present: 1,361; Population of Nonfamily homes: 923; Population living alone: 819; Population not living alone: 104 For general i… Gloria-Elayne Owens was one of the black students who was offered the chance to move to a white school in Yazoo City. The Center for Public Integrity. After wide advertising in the small newspapers of the day in South Mississippi an neighboring states, the proprietors announced an auction sale of lots in Manchester on February 22, 1830. On April 14, 2014, Diane Delaware was sworn in as Yazoo City’s first female mayor. The first black students entered white schools in 1967. The first county seat was at Beattie's Bluff, Mississippi. Central Mississippi Association of Mayors College Scholarship Application & Guide, Building Inspector / Code Enforcement Division, Emergency Proclamation for Barber Shops and Beauty Salons, Emergency Proclamation Provisions for Restaurants. They fought bravely in the key battles of Monterrey and Buena Vista, losing many to deaths, both from wounds, but especially from dysentery, due to the bad sanitation of the period. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Like Washington D.C., 30 years previously, the future town on the river, to be named Manchester, was thoroughly surveyed and designed on paper to fit the contour of the site. Yazoo County’s African-American History & Heritage Browse through our listing of African-American history and heritage sites and events below. It destroyed the entire business district and more than 100 residences on adjacent streets. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. There were several epidemics, most notable that of 1853 when scores of its leading citizens were among those dying. Steamboats called regularly. According to a local legend, the fire was caused by a witch avenging her death. LeFlore wanted the location as a speculation for future sale. Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. Yazooans were fervent supporters of the Mexican War, 1846-1848. X. was booming; the railroad arrived in 1884. Such violence continued after Reconstruction. Cities Yazoo City Towns Bentonia Villages Eden -- Satartia Unincorporated Places In 1904, incendiary tragedy struck when a massive fire claimed 27 blocks of Yazoo City, consuming businesses, the school, the newspaper offices, and, of course, the offices of Bank of Yazoo. Yazoo City was rebuilt, but yellow fever struck and took more victims in 1878. Please note that if you are under 18, you won't be able to access this site. In 1829 the county seat was moved to Benton. Williams, Mary Louise – Director of Ricks Library (See “Ricks Library History (1838-2003 by Paul Cartwright”) Woolfolk (nee Murdock), Bettie E. (Obituary 1927) Top of Page. LeFlore soon sold his land at a profit, and by 1828 it was in the hands of five proprietors in Clinton who began the planning for just such a port. A second catastrophe soon hit Yazoo City in April 1927 with the great flood of the Mississippi River, which covered the entire Delta with several feet of muddy water. Mississippi faced a critical need for better hospitals to serve its rural population. A small number of antebellum homes, uphill from the rear of the courthouse, escaped as did the new homes in the new suburb of Lintonia, across a canal on the town’s north edge. By the 1820 Treaty of Doak’s Stand, the Choctaw Nation sold their northwestern lands to the United States, and for the first time the large area of Mississippi in which Yazoo City was to be located was opened to settlement by white and black Americans. In the first year of the Civil War, 1861, Yazooans felt little danger. The largest of these groups, the Choctaw, numbered approximately 20,000 and were located primarily in the southern and central part of the state. Mississippi - Mississippi - History: Three major groups of indigenous peoples constituted the earliest inhabitants of present-day Mississippi. A Homemaker, she was a member of First United Methodist Church where she served with The United Methodist Women, The Four Seasons Garden Club, Adult Fellowship Class, Hand Bell, and Church Choir. ⁣Yazoo City Mississippi: An old River Town with a long history of corruption and home to some of the worlds greatest masterminds that ever existed (hopefully they are all dead as of this listing; I know the most powerful. In reality, a boy playing with matches accidentally set a house ablaze. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. Y. He was retired as a Carman with Canadian National Railroad, a Veteran of the U S Army, and a member of Central Baptist Church. As World War II drew to a close in 1945, Cooper was executive director of the Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation, which represented Mississippi's 250,000 farmers and rural families. For schools to be segregated City, Mississippi for January 11, 2021 cookies! Official website call us at 800-381-0662 to schedule a tour for your in... That if you are under 18, you wo n't be able access! The last time was there some wanton destruction, and was shipping 25,000 bales of cotton year. In advance cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly Beattie 's Bluff, Mississippi: a history. Some of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with consent! Includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website fire to it only! 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